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QUOI

Plusieurs opportunités sont disponibles pour le projet “Local power structures and transnational connections. New perspectives on elites in Switzerland, 1890-2020″. Ce projet interdisciplinaire et interuniversitaire est coordonné par les quatre co-requérants : André Mach (UniL), Stéphanie Ginalski (UniL), Eric Davoine (UniFr) et Matthieu Leimgruber (UniZh), membres de l’Observatoire des élites suisses (OBELIS).

(4 ans maximum pour chaque contrat)

– 1 docteur.e devant coordonner le projet (50%) et mener ses propres recherches au choix (50%)

– 4 doctorant.es sur des thèmes liés aux chambres de commerce ; aux dirigeants d’entreprises de la banque, l’horlogerie et la chimie/pharmacie ; aux institutions culturelles et artistiques ; aux universitaires.

QUAND ET OU

Lausanne (CH), 1.9.2019 pour une durée de 4 ans.

SUJET

La littérature récente a souligné d’une part l’internationalisation croissante des élites, en particulier économiques, souvent considérées comme de plus en plus déconnectées de leur contexte local et, d’autre part, l’importance de leur ancrage local pour un développement économique et politique réussi. En raison de sa décentralisation politique et économique, combiné à l’internationalisation précoce de ses entreprises, la Suisse et ses élites locales constituent un cas particulièrement intéressant pour aborder les tensions entre ancrage local et connexions transnationales ainsi que les changements d’échelle à long terme sur les plans politique et économique (p.ex. centralisation de l’État ou mondialisation économique).

En s’appuyant sur la base de données des élites suisses de l’Observatoire des élites suisses, ce projet se concentre sur les élites des trois principales villes suisses (Zurich, Genève et Bâle) selon deux axes :

a) transformations des structures de pouvoir locales ;
b) implications de ces élites au niveau local, national et transnational.

Ces axes de recherche seront développés dans quatre sous projets:

  1. les dirigeants des chambres de commerce ;
  2. les élites économiques des principaux secteurs économiques et entreprises ;
  3. les membres des sociétés d’art et autres institutions culturelles locales;
  4. les universités et les élites académiques.

Un tel cadrage permettra de mieux connaître les élites suisses et de mettre en lumière les transformations auxquelles ces dernières ont été confrontées entre 1890 à 2020. Les résultats de cette recherche seront également pertinents pour la recherche plus générale sur les élites dans d’autres contextes nationaux.

ECHEANCE ET CANDIDATURE

La date limite de candidature est le 15 mai 2019.

Comme il est d’usage en Suisse, les conditions de travail s’annoncent particulièrement favorables. Plus de détails, également sur les profils recherchés, ici : https://www.unil.ch/obelis/fr/home/menuinst/sinergia.html
Délai de candidature: 15.5.2019


  WHAT

In the context of theSwiss national science foundation (SNSF) “Local power structures and transnational connections. New perspectives on elites in Switzerland, 1890-2020″. The Universities of Lausanne, Fribourg and Zurich invite applications for the following five positions:

  1. Post-doctoral position (full time) as project coordinator and senior researcher (University of Lausanne, UNIL)
  2. PhD position 1 (full time): involved in subproject (S1) “Chambers of commerce: local actors with transnational connections” (University of Zurich, UZH)
  3. PhD position 2 (full time): involved in sub-project (S2) “Locally embedded and globalized corporate elite in three major economic sectors” (University of Fribourg, UNIFR)
  4. PhD position 3 (full time): involved in sub-project (S3) “Art societies and cultural institutions: from patronage to market” (University of Lausanne, UNIL)
  5. PhD position4 (full time): involved in sub-project (S4) “Universities and academic elites between local rootedness and transnational connections” (University of Lausanne, UNIL)

Information related to each of the five open positions

WHEN / WHERE

The project will start on September 1st 2019.

TOPICS

Recent literature on elites has provided, at first sight, contradictory findings. On the one hand, studies in sociology, management, political science and economic history have underscored the central importance of local elite and governance structures for a successful economic and political development. Such an observation is particularly relevant for the Swiss case; because of the political and economic decentralization of the country, local elites have played a crucial role in local development. On the other hand, recent research has shown that elites, and especially business ones, have become increasingly internationalized. In Switzerland, foreigners now constitute a significant part of business and academic elites while both groups are characterized by the internationalization of their educational and career trajectories. Elites are thus often considered as increasingly disconnected from their local social background.

These contrasting results, stressing both the growing internationalization of elites and the importance of their local rootedness, raise multiple questions concerning the scales of activities and roles of local elites. While recent research has investigated Swiss national elites, this project starts from a local perspective that will allow us to go beyond methodological nationalism and to analyze how elites have been active beyond their involvement in local power structures. Already at the end of the 19th century, Swiss elites were characterized by their multi-level implication at the local, national and transnational levels. However, following long-term shifts in the scale of political and economic life (such as the centralization of the national state or economic globalization), their spheres of activities have undergone profound changes. The project will focus on local elites in the three main Swiss cities (Zurich, Geneva and Basel) and will address two research axes: a) the transformations of local power structures; b) the multi-level implication of local elites: from local to transnational connections. On the basis of a long-term comparison of the three local trajectories, these two research axes will be developed in four subprojects focused on specific local elites and institutions: 1) economic elites active in local chambers of commerce; 2) business elites of leading economic sectors and companies; 3) leading members of local art societies and their role in the promotion of cultural institutions; 4) universities and academic elites between local rootedness and international reputation.

Building on previous research and notably a pathbreaking data collection on national elites by the Swiss Elites Observatory (OBELIS), this project aims at developing innovative perspectives on local elites thanks to our longitudinal long-term perspective and the focus on the multi-level activities of elites. Such a framing will allow us to go beyond existing knowledge and bring to light a new understanding of the transformation of local elites, occupying leading positions in central and enduring local institutions, from 1890 to 2020, for seven benchmark years (1890, 1910, 1937, 1957, 1980, 2000 and 2020) following the Swiss Elites database of OBELIS. By bringing together specialists from different disciplines (history, political science, sociology and management studies), the project develops a truly interdisciplinary and integrated perspective in terms of conceptual approach, empirical investigation, and combination of complementary methods. It also includes innovative digital humanities instruments to improve access on data regarding elites in Switzerland.

Full project can be downloaded here

APPLICATION

Deadline is May 15th.

Contact:
andre.mach@unil.ch


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