Appel à participation pour le Colloque international “Quelle éducation à la citoyenneté pour quelle démocratie? Perspectives transnationales du XIXe au XXIe siècle”
QUAND ET OU
Paris, IHA, 1–3 avril 2020
Quel citoyen et quelle citoyenne pour quelle démocratie? Avec l’extension progressive du suffrage, dès lors que la politique ne se laissait plus penser sans le corps électoral, philosophes, politiques, pédagogues, activistes, citoyennes et citoyens, ont mis en discussion différentes approches de l’éducation à la citoyenneté. Dès la fin du XVIIIe siècle, leurs réflexions, du développement de »valeurs républicaines«, d’une »culture politique démocratique« (»demokratische politische Kultur«) jusqu’à l’idée d’une émancipation »par le bas«, se sont retrouvées aussi bien à l’école que dans les pratiques d’acteurs non-étatiques. En sciences humaines et sociales, ces apports théoriques et pratiques à la question de la citoyenneté sont le plus souvent construits comme des cas d’étude séparés, dans des contextes nationaux pensés comme cloisonnés. Ils sont pourtant traversés de questions récurrentes. Comment articuler l’individuel et le collectif? Comment faire valoir l’éducation à la citoyenneté sans la prescrire? S’agit-il de favoriser l’adhésion des citoyens au projet démocratique avec toutes ses imperfections, ou de rendre possible sa critique et, partant, l’émancipation politique?
Avec l’objectif d’historiciser les diverses réponses à ce défi démocratique, le colloque réunira des spécialistes de différents pays et disciplines telles que l’histoire, la philosophie, les sciences de l’éducation, la science politique ou la sociologie.
Plus d’informations dans l’appel à communications en français.
ECHEANCE ET CANDIDATURE
Les propositions de communication (titre, résumé de 3000 signes maximum, courte biographie) sont à envoyer d’ici le 31 octobre 2019 à l’adresse firstname.lastname@example.org.
Les propositions de jeunes chercheuses et de jeunes chercheurs sont particulièrement les bienvenues. Le cas échéant, les frais de transport et d’hébergement seront pris en charge sous réserve de financements.
Call for papers for the intl. conference “What citizenship education for what democracy? Transnational perspectives from the 19th century to the 21st”
WHEN / WHERE
International conference, German Historical Institute of Paris, April 1st–3rd, 2020
With the gradual extension of suffrage and the rise of citizens as political actors, a diversity ofproposals on approaches to citizenship education were produced by philosophers, politicians, pedagogues, activists, and citizens. Since the end of the 18th century, the approaches of these actors– from the development of a “democratic culture” and the promotion of valeurs républicaines to the idea of emancipation “from below” – have been reflected both in school curricula and in the practices of non-state actors. In the humanities and social sciences, these theoretical and practical contributionsto the understanding of citizenship are most often constructed as separate case studies, incompartmentalized national contexts. And yet recurring questions run through them: How shouldrelations between the individual and the collective be understood? How can education promote citizenship without being prescriptive? Should it aim to cultivate citizens’ support for the existing democratic project with all of its imperfections, or to allow space for critique, and thereby foremancipation?In order to historicize the various responses to this democratic challenge, this conference will bring together specialists from a range of countries and disciplines, such as history, philosophy, educational sciences, political science and sociology. In line with the social history of political ideas, the conference aims to explore how representations of democracy and citizenship in discourses and social practices have changed over time (Skornicki and Gaboriaux 2017).
Contributions may build upon sources as diverse as the writings of intellectuals, teachers, or activists; curricula, textbooks, and pedagogical practices in schools and community educational contexts; student productions anddemands, print and other media, art, etc. Instead of focusing solely on intellectual productions, then, the conference will look at the relationships between the discourse and practices of different actors,exploring citizenship not only as a concept but as a mode of democratic action (Isin and Nielsen2008). The conference will take an histoire croisée approach, asking the question of differences andsimilarities, but also of the circulation and transfer between democratic contexts favoured bymigrations and moments of encounter (Werner and Zimmermann 2006). Through these approaches, the conference aims to go beyond the national, normative and teleological perspectives often adoptedin the historiography of citizenship education and democracy.
Papers may be organized around the following dimensions:
Concepts of citizenship education: papers can analyse different approaches to citizenship education,beginning with its appellations across time and space (“instruction civique”, “citizenship education”,“staatsbürgerliche Bildung”, etc.) and the deployment, reception, and adaptation of various concepts, stories, myths, symbols, and cultural references in citizenship education. Crises, ruptures and continuities: contributions may focus on the mutations, ruptures and continuitiesof discourses and practices in citizenship education in times of social crisis, conflict, and politicalupheaval (such as the revolutions of the 19th century), of enfranchisement or educational reforms. What roles has citizenship education played during periods of change? How has it evolved in the aftermath? What connections emerge between the project of forming a “new” citizen, on the one hand, and the conflicting narratives of the past as well as the politics of memory, on the other?
Dynamics of inclusion and exclusion: the conference will consider the lines of distinction withinsociety drawn and enacted by actors in citizenship education, such as social class, age, gender, nationality, origin, “race”, religion, political beliefs, etc. Contributions can thus examine whether and how multiple conceptions of citizenship can coexist, for whom citizenship education is intended andwith what differentiated aims, etc. Perspective differences between actors: to look beyond the bounds of a nation state-centered or even“school-centred” perspective, contributions under this topic will examine the perspectives of actors as diverse as state educational authorities, teachers and their unions, international organizations, citizens, civil society actors at all levels (such as political parties, associations, philanthropic societies, the media, religious institutions, etc.). They may raise the question of how these actors reinforced orchallenged the central role played by state actors in citizenship education during the long nineteenth century. How have these different actors negotiated the tension between the intrinsically political character of citizenship and the widespread ambition to ensure an “apolitical” citizenship education? Papers may also examine how the political cultures and practices of these different actors relate to their approaches to citizenship education: What roles have the various locations and resources – fromclassrooms to summer camps and public spaces – played in citizenship education?
The interplay of scales: taking a transnational approach, the conference will explore the interplay between levels in the reflections and practices of various actors. What spaces, what imagined communities, were they addressing in designing and practicing citizenship education? What space has remained for non-national (especially local) forms of citizenship in a context where both state and non-state educational practices have focused on nation-state building? With the contributions ofincreasingly diverse range of actors (from international organisations to NGOs) since the second halfof the 20th century, how has pedagogical reflection around supranational (“European”, “global”, etc.) forms of citizenship developed? How are different scales of citizenship entangled?
Conference languages: English, French and German
Proposals (title, summary/abstract with a maximum of 3000 characters, short biography) should be sent by October 31, 2019 to email@example.com. The proposal should detail the research problematics in relationship to the orientations of this call for papers, along with the objects, sources, and actors covered in the study. Applications from junior and female researchers are particularly welcome. Applicants will be notified of the selection by the end of November 2019. We expect to be able to cover transportation and accommodation costs.
Cooperation partners: American University of Paris, Musée National de l’Éducation, Sciences Po Bordeaux